Everyone knows about the importance of obtaining a higher education diploma, as it represents social recognition, and it is also a minimum condition for insertion and competition in the primary labor market. If in the 60’s the dream of the Brazilian family was the conquest of the home and the family car, in the 1970s the conquest of the diploma in higher level became the target of millions of young Brazilians. From this period, as the state could not offer vacancies in public universities to keep up with the existing demand, there was a real explosion of courses in private institutions, especially at night Monografias Prontas, Dissertação de Mestrado e Tese de Doutorado.
The quantitative expansion of colleges and night courses was not accompanied by the necessary quality. This situation permeated many of the country’s educational institutions and had its impact on the training of our students in the professional, social, cultural and ethical aspects. It is important to highlight all these dimensions, since the great majority of students seek in higher education, exclusively the professional formation, that is, to develop skills, to know techniques and tools for the exercise of their profession. Myopic vision, for the role of the higher course is to develop the thinking, critical, reflective and transforming being of the society in which it lives.
When the young person finishes the undergraduate course, the doubt arises. And now? What to do? Is it important to take a postgraduate degree? An MBA? Or would a masters degree be more appropriate? Would it be appropriate to wait a few years to “mature” before doing a specialization? Unfortunately, the faculties give little guidance on the possible ways forward. By the way, few undergraduate students in the last few years are able to distinguish an extension course from a postgraduate course. Of course, the path to be taken by the young man depends on his career plan; however, some concepts are important for conducting an analysis and decision making regarding path choice Monografias Prontas, Dissertação de Mestrado e Tese de Doutorado.
An extension course is intended for graduates and non-graduates, so it is not considered as a graduate. This type of course can have any duration (in number of hours), and at the end, the student receives a certificate of completion.
The postgraduate course consists of a cycle of regular activities that aims to deepen the knowledge acquired by undergraduate students, being divided into lato sensu and stricto sensu. The lato sensu graduate courses are regulated by the Ministry of Education (MEC) and have a minimum of 360 hours of duration, including specialization courses, MBA (Master Business Administration) courses. At the end of the course the student receives a certificate of completion, after presentation of a monograph. The selective processes for the lato sensu courses are generally carried out through curricular analysis and interviews.
The stricto sensu postgraduate courses, called masters and doctorates, are evaluated by the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES). These courses aim at scientific competence, contributing to the training of teachers and researchers. There is also the professional master’s degree that aims to train professionals for the job market, articulating teaching activities with applications of research in a differentiated way. The maximum duration of these courses varies from program to program, but currently, on average, a master’s degree lasts two years, and a four-year doctoral program. A postgraduate degree in the sense of masters and doctors, who receive a diploma with the aforementioned academic qualification, after the dissertation defense (for the master’s degree) or thesis (for the doctorate), in front of examining boards formed by three to seven members with minimum degree of doctor.